Smokers likely to suffer from DNA damage in their sperms: Study

Smokers likely to suffer from DNA damage in their sperms: Study

Smoking culture is so pervasive in the United States that warnings like “smoking kills” do not seem to have much impact on people who seek pleasure in smoking. Many researches have already been carried out that establish the impact of tobacco addiction and various health problems it triggers, affecting the quality of life.

Recently, a new study has found that the extent of DNA damage in the sperms of men is greater in smokers than those who do not smoke. The observations, published online in the BJU International in June 2016 are based on sperm functional tests carried out in 20 nonsmokers with normal semen quality and 20 smokers.

Smoking may boost inflammatory response in reproductive tracts of males

For the research titled “Analysis of the functional aspects and seminal plasma proteomic profile of sperm from smokers,” the scientists examined 422 proteins in the sperms of the participants.

The findings revealed the absence of one protein, underrepresentation of 27 proteins and overrepresentation of six proteins in the participants who smoked. Detailed evaluation of these proteins indicated that cigarette smoking may boost an inflammatory response in the reproductive tracts of males.

Commenting on the findings, senior author Dr. Ricardo Pimenta Bertolla said, “More and more studies are demonstrating a harmful effect of smoking on male fertility. Our results point in the direction of important semen alterations. Semen of smokers presents an inflammatory nature, associated with decreased capacity of sperm to achieve fertilization and generate a healthy pregnancy.”

Emphasizing on how smoking habits had an adverse impact on the DNA of the sperm, Bertolla revealed that they found increased sperm DNA fragmentation during the study. Also, suggestion by other studies indicated a possible promutagenic impact, which furthered the probability of health problems in children due to changes in the DNA.

Need to quit smoking

Among all forms of addiction, use of tobacco is the most discussed public health issue globally. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 16.8 percent American adults smoked cigarettes in 2014. Smoking results in deaths of more than 480,000 people each year and is widely looked upon as the foremost cause of avoidable disorder and death in the U.S. Approximately 16 million Americans are afflicted with some disease associated with smoking.

As a measure to prevent addiction to traditional cigarettes, an alternative approach of smoking that is vaping machines were introduced till researches pointed out that using electronic cigarettes only furthered smoking habits. Also the fact that use of electronic cigarettes has become common among adolescents with the nicotine in it causing potential harm led the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to ban the sale of vaporizers to minors. This was announced as a part of the agency’s plan to extend its regulatory powers on all tobacco products.

Road to recovery

Approximately 23.1 percent men and 18.3 percent women in America are smokers. People’s view of smoking habits has changed from a sophisticated habit to a fatal health hazard. It is hard to get rid of smoking addiction. One needs to seek professional help to give up nicotine use. The initial process of detoxification is common for all approaches adopted for treatment of addiction. Detoxification, inclusive of innovative therapies and medications, needs to be conducted under medical supervision.

If you or your loved one is struggling to overcome an addiction, you may contact the Rapid Detox Helpline to know about various rapid detox centers in America. You may call at our 24/7 helpline number (866) 403-5591 to speak to one of our representatives or chat online for expert advice on rapid detox clinics available in your vicinity.